Environmental News from India:
- While this June marks the 30th anniversary of the Rio Summit, the United Nations is not organizing an event to mark it.
- India’s progress in the implementation of the conventions on climate change and biodiversity, both that emerged from the Summit, is intertwined with multiple other strands.
- While the world is hotter and harbors less biodiversity since the two conventions came into effect, there are some promising developments too.
This summer it will be thirty years since the Rio Earth Summit. Unlike the earlier decadal anniversaries, this year, the United Nations is not celebrating an event to mark the occasion. The world is preoccupied with a pandemic that is gradually showing hesitant signs of waning and the Ukraine War that could mark changes in the world order.
India and China were considered developing countries when the Rio Summit, or the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development, was organized in 1992. They were not included in the list of countries that needed to have greenhouse gas emission reduction targets in the Climate Change Convention. Today the world watches keenly at the emission reduction targets announced by the leaders of these two countries.
At the end of the Rio+10 Summit of 2002, the Johannesburg Declaration talked about the rich and the poor countries and “global disparities.” This, when combined with globalization where “the benefits and costs are unevenly distributed,” could pose “a major threat to global prosperity, security, and stability.”