Plastics can be categorised into several types, the most common are: High Density Polyethylene (HDPE), Low Density Polyethylene (LDPE), Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC), Polypropylene (PP), Polystyrene (Styrofoam),etc.
Microplastics are small pieces of plastic, less than 5 millimetres in diameter. The major source of microplastics is via decomposition of discarded plastics by UV sunlight. A chemical reaction between plastic and the air takes place, forming toxic and carcinogenic compounds. These compounds, if organic in nature, can interfere with the food chains of many ecosystems, whereas the inorganic compounds pollute the air with particulate matter.
These are mostly found in aquatic ecosystems, entering through food packaging, clothing and industrial effluents. They are an ecological risk by entering and contaminating the food chain
Burning of plastics also leads to severe air pollution. Plastics have a long life and therefore will stay and accumulate in the ecosystem for years. Biodegradable plastics are types of plastics that can be used, as they are decomposable and decompose into carbon dioxide and biomass.
It is essential for plastic usage to be minimised. Following the principle of Reduce, Reuse and Recycle is one way to do so. The plastic waste generated should also be segregated according to the extent of their recyclability.Responsibly producing and consuming plastic products is quite important. Following a circular economy model for plastics products is a brilliant way to tackle the plastic crisis. Regular plastic waste cleanup drives are also a viable solution to tackle the plastic waste issue.
Through the Earth5R app you will fight the plastic waste problem by conducting a plastic waste cleanup and then its subsequent segregation. You will segregate plastic waste categorised according to their use, and then determine the amount of plastic in each category. Thus, you will get an understanding of your locality’s plastic based consumption lifestyle.
Earth5R will not only share your valuable survey readings within your community, but also inform your local government, and push for change. Thus, you will directly impact the noise pollution in your locality, and improve the well-being of your community.
Download Earth5R – Your environmental app, and spread sustainability in your locality!