Environmental News from India:
- Carbon sinks are places and/or products that sequester and store carbon.
- The ocean, which is by far the largest carbon reservoir and sink, stores carbon in several different forms. The most abundant form is dissolved inorganic carbon.
- Currently, India’s goal under the Paris Agreement is set at creating an additional 2.5–3 billion tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent through additional forest and tree cover by 2030.
Carbon sinks are places and/or products that sequester and store carbon as organic or inorganic compounds for different periods of time. Essentially, anything that absorbs more carbon than it emits into the atmosphere through natural or artificial processes can be considered a carbon sink.
In the pre-industrial era, the carbon emitted into the atmosphere was usually balanced – on a global scale – by the accumulation of carbon in terrestrial and oceanic systems known as carbon sinks.
But since humans began using fossil fuels to power industrialization in the 1960s, carbon dioxide (CO2) levels in the atmosphere have risen by nearly 100 ppm (parts per million) to reach a record high of 400 ppm due to rapidly multiplying carbon sources. Carbon sources are places and processes that release carbon into the atmosphere (mostly in the form of carbon dioxide, particulate carbon, and methane). These include burning fossil fuels, intensive agriculture, and raising livestock, which is leading to large-scale climate changes including global warming and extreme weather phenomena.
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