8 Types of Environmental Movements

Even though their ultimate goals might be similar, to save the eco-systems or the planet from destruction, not every environmental activist tries to achieve the goal in the same manner.

Knowing these types of environmentalism allows you to follow your beliefs and save the planet simultaneously. 

Who is an Environmentalist?

An environmentalist is a person who is concerned with and/or advocates for the protection of the environment. An environmentalist can be considered a supporter of the environmental movement’s goals, “a political and ethical movement that seeks to improve and protect the quality of the natural environment through changes to environmentally harmful human activities.” An environmentalist is engaged in or believes in the philosophy of environmentalism or one of the related philosophies.

How can you become an Environmentalist? 

If you wish to be a professional environmentalist, you must first attain the education and training qualifications. Environmentalists will mostly major in chemistry, biology, environmental science, entomology, urban planning, agriculture, etc.

How to be an Environmentalist every day?

Not having a degree or a job as a professional environmentalist doesn’t mean you can’t protect nature. Everyone can become an environmentalist in small ways. What matters most is the end goal – protecting our beloved environment and its inhabitants for us and future generations.

What are the types of environmentalists? 

The environmental movement contains many subcommunities that have developed with different approaches and philosophies in other parts of the world. Environmentalists can be described as one of the following: 

  1. Climate Activists

The public recognition of the climate crisis and the emergence of the climate movement at the beginning of the 21st century led to a distinct group of activists known as Climate Activists.

Activations like the School Strike for Climate and Fridays for Future have led to a new generation of youth activists like Greta Thunberg, Jamie Margolin, and Vanessa Nakate. They have created a global youth climate movement.

Along with Greta is a host of young activists worldwide, fighting for the planet and demanding that people in positions of power stop chasing money and combat the burning issue.

Here are five young activists raising their voices against climate change and urging the world to wake up to the growing crisis.

Source: yourstory.com
Source: Mashable
  1. Conservationists

One notable strain of environmentalism comes from the philosophy of the conservation movement. Conservationists are concerned with leaving the environment in a better state than the condition they found distinct from human interaction. The conservation movement is associated with the early parts of the environmental movement of the 19th and 20th centuries.

A conservationist manages natural habitats, including parks, forests, and rangelands. This job may also be called a conservation scientist or soil and water conservationist. 

What Does a Conservationist Do?

This green career involves finding ways to utilize land without harming the environment. Conservationists, employed by either private landowners or federal, state, or local governments, make sure landowners follow government regulations and take appropriate measures to protect habitats. They advise farmers and ranchers to help them improve their land and control erosion.


Source: Treehugger
  1. Environmental Defenders

Environmental or environmental human rights defenders are individuals or collectives who protect the environment from harm resulting from resource extraction, hazardous waste disposal, infrastructure projects, land appropriation, or other dangers. In 2019, the UN Human Rights Council unanimously recognized their importance to environmental protection. The term environmental defender is broadly applied to…

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